The C Programmer’s Guide to the QVGA Controller
Table of Contents
PART 1 GETTING STARTED
PART 2 PROGRAMMING THE QVGA CONTROLLER
PART 3 COMMUNICATIONS, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL
Chapter 10: Outputting Voltages with Digital to Analog Conversion
PART 4: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER PART 5: REFERENCE DATA
PART 4: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
PART 5: REFERENCE DATA
Appendix A: QVGA Electrical Specifications
Motorola 68HC11F1 microcontroller with 16 MHz clock speed and 4 MHz bus speed. Paged memory expands the processor’s address space to 8 Megabytes.
3 or 4 input capture functions facilitate accurate detection of pulse edges and measurement of pulse widths with a resolution of 2ms.
4 or 5 output compare functions make it easy to create complex waveforms and pulse-width modulated signals up to 20KHz at 50% CPU load.
A pulse accumulator facilitates frequency measurement and pulse counting up to 2MHz.
21 interrupts support the 68HC11’s on-chip subsystems.
A watchdog timer and clock monitor ensures orderly reset after an error.
Touchscreen/Display User Interface
EL option: Bright amber-on-black, high contrast, all angle view TFEL electro-luminescent display.
MONO option: High contrast CCFL white-on-blue monochrome LCD display with software controlled backlight and contrast.
5.7" diagonal (3.5" x 4.6"), 320 x 240 pixel display.
High resolution transparent analog touchscreen with software controlled beeper for audible feedback. Custom antiglare, clear, and EMI touchscreens are also available.
A hardware UART supports either RS232 or RS485 at up to 19.2 Kbaud.
A second software UART implements RS232 at up to 4800 baud.
A fast synchronous serial peripheral interface (SPI) provides communications at speeds up to 2 megabaud.
High Current Drivers
Four open-drain MOSFET drivers can sink up to 150 mA continuously, or up to 1 amp intermittently. Onboard snubber diodes allow control of inductive loads.
Your QVGA Controller includes a high-efficiency switching regulator with surge suppression, transient filtering, and EMI/RFI filtering to provide clean supplies for the onboard analog and digital electronics. You need only supply regulated or unregulated DC power in the range of 8 to 26 volts if using a monochrome display, or 15 to 26 volts if using an EL display.
The raw input is protected by a “varistor” rated at 33 Volts DC. This metal oxide surge suppresser protects the QVGA Controller by clamping high voltage spikes before they have a chance to do any harm. The varistor has no effect if the input voltage is less than the maximum specified, or 26 volts. Above 33 volts the device starts to conduct current, and it acts like a short circuit to high voltages, thus clamping the voltage spikes. To prevent this varistor from consuming current, you should make sure that the maximum DC voltage supplied is always less than 26 volts.
Additional protection is provided by an electro-magnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI) filter that prevents high frequency noise from invading the circuitry via the power input, and also prevents EMI from propagating back to the external power supply. The EMI filter is implemented by a two stage PI network of inductors and capacitors. The output of the first stage filter, called V+raw, is passed to the Wildcard module bus for supply to Wildcard modules that require their own unregulated DC power. This unregulated voltage is free of high-frequency and high-voltage transients. If you design custom add-on Wildcard boards, we recommend that you use V+raw as the input for local 5 Volt regulators. It is good design practice to place local voltage regulators on each board, as this minimizes noise problems and improves modularity.
The QVGA Controller board is designed for reliable low noise operation. It is implemented as a state of the art 6-layer surface-mount board. Two inner layers are dedicated ground and power planes, providing low-impedance return paths for digital current spikes.
CPU I/O (CPU Ports A, D, E)
PIA I/O (Ports PPA, PPB, PPC)
8-Bit Digital to Analog Conversion
8-bit Analog To Digital Conversion
12-bit Analog To Digital Conversion
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